Pattern of Retinopathy: Although the locus of toxic damage is parafoveal in many eyes, Asian patients often show an extramacular pattern of damage. Dose: We recommend a maximum daily HCQ use of 5.0 mg/kg real weight, which correlates better with risk than ideal weight. Hydroxychloroquine 200 mg price in india Can you drink on plaquenil This article is from June 2011 and may contain outdated material. Download PDF. Many systemic medications may cause retinal toxicity. One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil, a chloroquine derivative. The actual incidence of retinal toxicity from hydroxychloroquine is difficult to pin down because there is usually a long time between being started on the drug and the start of any identifiable retinal toxicity. The overall rate of probable retinal toxicity is in the range of 1 of every 200 people treated. Our study showed that approximately 30% of the patients treated with HCQ had retinal toxicity. There was no association between retinal toxicity and sex, type of rheumatic disease, and daily HCQ dose. However, there was a positive correlation between retinal toxicity and age, cumulative HCQ dose, and duration of HCQ use. Risk of Toxicity: The risk of toxicity is dependent on daily dose and duration of use. There are no similar demographic data for CQ, but dose comparisons in older literature suggest using 2.3 mg/kg real weight. Plaquenil retinal toxicity cumulative dose calculator Free Calculator Aids in Plaquenil Dosing, What can Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil do to my eyes? Eye toxicity hydroxychloroquineChloroquine toxicity in eye A cumulative dose that increases the risk of retinal toxicity • 1000g total Hydroxychloroquine HCQ • 460 g total Chloroquine CQ Cumulative dose of 1000g HCQ is reached in 7 years with the daily dose of 400mg19 Cumulative dose of 460g CQ is reached in 5 years with the typical daily dose of 250mg19 Early Plaquenil Toxicity Detected without Bull’s Eye Maculopathy. Retinal Toxicity in Patients Treated With.. Retinal toxicity associated with chronic exposure to.. The estimated risk of hydroxychloroquine retinopathy in patients on chronic hydroxychloroquine therapy ranges from 0.4% to 8.0%. 1 Toxicity is thought to be dependent on cumulative total dose. 3 Additional factors that can precipitate early toxicity are concomitant renal disease and use of tamoxifen. 3 Lyons emphasizes the importance of annual screening and says that, although annual screening is recommended for everyone taking Plaquenil, it is imperative for people who have been taking the medication for more than 10 years, who have a higher incidence of retinal toxicity. Plaquenil-induced toxicity usually will not occur before five years of. There is an increased risk of HCQ retinopathy with increase in the cumulative dose. Per the prior 2011 AAO guidelines the recommended maximum dose to minimize HCQ retinal toxicity was 6.5 mg /kg based on ideal body weight 2. The advantage of the real body weight formula is that it distributes the risk evenly on a broad range of body habitus.