Chloroquine phosphate, which has been used for more than 70 years and is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system. Chloroquine was discovered in 1934 by Hans Andersag but was initially ignored for a decade because it was considered too toxic for human use. Plaquenil toxicity oct images Chloroquine food cravings Is hydroxychloroquine an anti malarial medication Chloroquine is also in trials as an antiretroviral for HIV-1/AIDS and is being considered in pre-clinical models as a potential agent against chikungunya and Zika. The clinical usefulness of chloroquine, and in some recent cases of quinine as well, has been much reduced by the evolution and spread of chloroquine resistant malaria parasites. The mechanism of resistance involves a reduced accumulation of the drug, although again the mechanism involved is controversial. Oct 01, 2018 Chloroquine-Resistant Malaria Chloroquine phosphate tablets are not effective against Chloroquine-or hydroxyChloroquine-resistant strains of Plasmodium species see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Microbiology. Chloroquine resistance is widespread in P. falciparum and is reported in P. vivax. Before using Chloroquine for prophylaxis, it should be ascertained whether Chloroquine is appropriate for use in the region to be visited by the traveler. Aside from preventing and treating malaria, chloroquine is also occasionally used for amebiasis that is occurring outside the intestines, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus erythematosus. During World War II, United States government-sponsored clinical trials for antimalarial drug development showed unequivocally that chloroquine has a significant therapeutic value as an antimalarial drug. Chloroquine against malaria FDA considers expanded studies of chloroquine for., Chloroquine mechanism of drug action and resistance in. Icd 9 code for long term use of plaquenil Aralen chloroquine is an antimalarial drug used for the treatment of malaria and extraintestinal amebiasis. Common side effects are reduced hearing, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Dosage, drug interactions, and pregnancy and breastfeeding safety are provided. Aralen chloroquine Malaria Drug Side Effects & Dosage. Chloroquine - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses. Chloroquine Dosage Guide with Precautions -. A third drug, known as chloroquine, used to treat malaria, is being tested against coronavirus in China, the Times reported. Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and to treat malaria in areas where malaria is known to be sensitive to its effects. Certain types of malaria, resistant strains, and complicated cases typically require different or additional medication. Occasionally it is used for amebiasis that is occurring outside the intestines, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus erythematosus. Chloroquine was an essential element of mass drug administration campaigns to combat malaria throughout the second half of the 20th century, and remains one of the World Health Organization’s essential medicines. However, after the malaria parasites Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax began exhibiting resistance to the drug in the 1960s and 1980s, respectively, it was replaced by similar antimalarial compounds and combination therapies.