It's used to treat and prevent malaria infection, and to reduce symptoms and progression of autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and others. Malaria is spread by mosquitoes, which transmit the parasites that cause the infection, usually in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Plaquenil skin Hydroxychloroquine dogbone Does plaquenil help discoid lupus Aralene r34 Mg 155 mg base to 400 mg 310 mg base PO per day, administered as a single dose or in 2 divided doses. Antimalarials and/or glucocorticoids are of benefit and may be used for the treatment of SLE without major organ manifestations; however, judicious use of hydroxychloroquine is recommended. Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine belongs to a group of medicines called quinolines. Plaquenil is used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. Usual Adult Dose for Malaria Prophylaxis. Suppression 400 mg 310 mg base orally on the same day every week Comments-Suppressive therapy should begin 2 weeks prior to exposure; however, failing this, an initial dose of 800 mg 620 mg base may be taken in 2 divided doses 6 hours apart. For example, it may be combined with an antibiotic to treat chronic Q-fever, which humans usually catch from farm animals or raw milk. Plaquenil is used to treat other types of infections too. What is toxic dose of plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine Uses, Dosage & Side Effects -, Plaquenil Uses, Dosage & Side Effects - Hydroxychloroquine affects retinaChloroquine syrup dosage for infants Jan 05, 2020 Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy is most influenced by daily dose and duration of use. Risk for toxicity is less with 5.0 mg/kg real weight/day for hydroxychloroquine and 2.3 mg/kg real weight/day for chloroquine. Patients are at low risk during the first 5 years of treatment. Hydroxychloroquine toxicity - EyeWiki. Hydroxychloroquine Dosage Guide with Precautions -. Hydroxychloroquine-Induced Retinal Toxicity - American.. Ocular Surgery News The American Academy of Ophthalmology has published several dosing and screening recommendations for hydroxychloroquine to avoid potential retinal toxicity, yet some patients. Doses ≥ 5 mg/kg/day real weight of hydroxychloroquine 2.3 mg/kg/day of chloroquine are associated with higher risk of toxicity. Doses lower than 5 mg/kg/day have low risk 1% for the first 5 years, and below 2% between 5-10 years of use. Although it is considered rare, retinal toxicity from the intake of Plaquenil can be irreversible even if the drug is discontinued 2, 3. What is Plaquenil Toxicity? The toxicity resulting from the intake of Plaquenil is due to its affinity for melanin-containing structures in the body.