Chloroquine is now uncommonly used in favor of its derivative hydroxychloroquine. In the United States, hydroxychloroquine is most often used for its anti-inflammatory effects in rheumatology and dermatology. Chloroquine phosphate tablets in hindi Tab chloroquine brand name Plaquenil and mctd Chloroquine brands Diagnosis Hydroxychloroquine-induced retinal toxicity Discussion. Chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil HCQ have been used for many years, initially for the treatment of malaria but now more commonly for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus 1. It is now considered for new disease. The AAO revised the guidelines in 2016 to define excess doses of hydroxychloroquine as greater than 5.0 mg/kg of actual body weight Ophthalmology. 2016;186-94. Based on these new guidelines, the investigators found that 56% of 527 patients who were currently. CONCLUSIONS Twenty-seven percent of cases of hydroxychloroquine retinopathy in obese women had ostensibly safe dosing based on 2016 AAO guidelines. Overdosing of obese women by 2016 AAO guidelines is not rare. Daily dosing based on the older 6.5-mg/kg ideal weight threshold is safer in women with a body mass index of 30 kg/m2 or more. While early toxicity may be asymtomatic, patients with more advanced stage of toxicity may complain of color vision changes or paracentral scotomas. Its toxic effects on the retina are seen in the macula. Plaquenil guidelines aao 2016 Plaquenil Guidelines Point Out New Risks, New Presentation., Hydroxychloroquine dosing guidelines have little impact in. Is hydroxychloroquine a dmardCould hydroxychloroquine become toxicHydroxychloroquine solution compound The new guidelines recommend 10-2 automated perimetry, plus at least one of SD-OCT, FAF, or mfERG if they are available. These tests should be performed at baseline and at each subsequent evaluation. Other tests may be considered as well, but are generally insufficiently sensitive to detect early evidence of hydroxychloroquine toxicity. New Screening Guidelines for Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity. The 2016 American Academy of Ophthalmology.. American Academy of Ophthalmology Protecting Sight.. Recommendations by the AAO to limit HCQ dosing to 6.5 mg/kg of ideal body weight have been 31 revised to 5 mg/kg of actual body weight 5. Some authors recommend 6.5 mg/kg of actual 32 body weight with a cap at 400 mg per day and further adjustments for renal insufficiency 10. My Take on New Ocular Screening Guidelines for Plaquenil By Sergio Schwartzman, MD 12 October 2016 A recent article published by the American Academy of Ophthalmology AAO presented new recommendations for screening of patients being managed with hydroxychloroquine HCQ. Thereafter, the AAO states annual screening can be deferred until year 5 on the medication but should start sooner if the patient is at a higher risk for toxicity. The guidelines recommend 1 an automated visual field as well as a 2 spectral-domain optical coherence tomography SD OCT.